European Commission

The Finnish Presidency reminded Member States that 45% is achievable under current policies and asked them to consider steps in this process as part of the preparation of an updated Communication on EU commitments in Paris. On the other hand, European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker and EU Council President Herman Van Rompuy said earlier this month that “the EU should focus on achieving what it has agreed, rather than introducing new targets.” The EU’s 2030 targets, which underpin its commitments under the Paris Agreement, have been supported by European Commission Vice-President Antonio Guterres, EU Commissioner for Energy and Climate Change Arias Oettinger and the Commission’s Secretary of State for Environment and Energy.
The central message of the respondents was that the European Union should try to reduce or even eliminate tax competition in EU member states. Various possible solutions have been proposed, ranging from eliminating unfair competition between Member States to reducing the number of EU tax laws and introducing new taxes. Although this was not on the EU’s original priority list in 2014, there were a number of EU tax laws proposed during the Juncker Commission’s 2014-19 mandate, as well as the implementation of a new tax law.
This message may seem surprising, but it reflects the fact that if the European Union wants to compete with other regions and maintain a common currency, its members must avoid pursuing fiscal policies in order to compete. Digitalisation is crucial for the EU, which is and will remain a key component of its long-term economic and political strategy.
Although the European Commission (EC) has a key role to play in strengthening the coherence of member states’ policies, many of the key levers of innovation are still in the hands of individual member states. It points out that only 8% is spent on research and innovation and only 3.5% on education and health.
The Council is appointed by the European Parliament, which elects the President of the European Commission and makes it possible for Europe’s main priorities to be decided jointly. The Council also appoints persons to the top posts in the EU, including the Head of State or Government, the Vice-President and the Secretary-General, who are then confirmed by a vote of all EU Member States and by votes in the European Parliament.
The third major EU institution is the European Council, which is made up of member states meeting for EU summits. Member States have the right to reject EU legislation by sending their ministers to the Council to vote on the proposed EU law, the final decision of the EU Council. The Commissioners meet only once a year, while the governments of the Member States, which are directly elected by the people of Europe, decide whether to accept or reject the proposals.
There is also another body, the Council of Europe, but it is not an arm of the EU, and there are no EU Commissioners or a Member State responsible for one of several policy areas. Adding to the potential confusion is the fact that the European Commission is run on a day-to-day basis and governed by the Commission itself.
In addition, the Commission also refers to the entire management body supporting the Commissioners, consisting of the Directorates-General and the services.
The Commission’s role is to monitor whether EU legislation is correctly implemented in all Member States. One of the main objectives of the EU policies enforced by the Commission is competition and the internal market. The Commission decides whether a major merger or acquisition contributes dangerously to the creation of a monopoly. Member States grant unjustified state aid to industry, in particular in the case of monopolies, unfair competition or monopolistic practices.
The European Commission represents the EU in negotiations with other major international players such as the United States, China, Russia, Japan, India and South Korea. EU member states in order to increase bargaining power and competitiveness in dealing with them and with each other, as well as with other important international actors.
Forming a single EU voice requires the European Union to have no member states or governments acting on its behalf in the trade sphere. Acting as a bloc could enable the EU to negotiate more effectively with other major international players such as the United States, China, Russia, Japan, India and South Korea, and would undoubtedly play an important role in this process.
European legislation as implemented by the decisions of the European Parliament and the Council of Europe. European legislation and its implementation by decisions of the EU Council and the EU Parliament.
In the day-to-day operations of the Commission, they are carried out by Commission staff, lawyers and economists organised in departments known as Directorates-General (DG). The College of Commissioners is composed of eight Vice-Presidents, including the President, the Commissioners of the Member States and the Council of Europe, and the Commissioner for Justice and Home Affairs.