Eu Parliament

Parliament, together with the Council of Ministers, decides on laws affecting the lives of the citizens of the European Union. Members are elected to parliament by a majority of their respective member states and gogo members of the European Parliament.
The European Parliament has a number of powers, including legislative and budgetary, and has delegated powers to implement laws and plans proposed by the European Commission. It has no say in the EU budget and no money is spent without Parliament’s consent. The European Parliament must agree both on the composition of the Council of Ministers and on the budget for the next two years.
We reaffirm the two foundations of the democratic legitimacy of the Union: the right of citizens to direct representation in the Union at all levels, in the European Parliament and in accordance with the two-stage constitutional system in which it is formed, and the fundamental principle of democracy.
In the European Council, the Member States are represented in the Council by a Bureau responsible to their governments for the management of their affairs. This Bureau is headed by 14 Vice-Presidents elected from among the Members of Parliament for a term of 30 months. Parliament is divided into a number of specialised committees, including the Committee on Economic and Financial Affairs, Justice and Home Affairs, the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection and the Committee on Trade and Investment.
Parliament is supported in its work by a secretariat which spends much of its time translating the 23 official languages of the European Union.
The last political cycle has shown that when the legislative mechanism comes to a standstill, it does so in the face of political instability. At the same time, Parliament is only one part of the EU system as a whole, and is therefore in danger of becoming a blocking power in an EU legislative machinery. The Member States remain at the heart of this Union, but the European Parliament functions as an independent body with its own functions.
It is important to know who sits in which political group in the European Parliament, and on 24 May Ireland voted ‘no’ to the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (EEA) between the EU and Ireland.
Since 1999, the European People’s Party (EPP), the largest political group in the European Parliament, has been responsible for more than half of the electoral representations of the EU member states. Each group has at least 25 members representing at least a quarter of all Member States. The President of the European Council, Donald Tusk, is a member of the EPP, as are the President’s Chief of Staff, Jean-Claude Juncker, and Vice-President Federica Mogherini.
Members of the European Parliament should be proactive in reaching out to national parliaments during the EU legislative process. The European Commission has already committed itself to pushing for more transparency in EU legislative processes. In October 2018, the European Parliament and the Council of the EU invited it to create a database to help national legislators follow the legislative process and a public database of all EU legislation.
In 2018, national parliaments issued 569 opinions, but only 37 were reasoned opinions, which could potentially lead to an issuing country showing a yellow card to the European Commission because it has the support of a sufficient number of other parliamentarians. The growing political row over EU policies has led many member states to reform their legislative processes to put national parliamentarians on a better footing and ward off Eurosceptics. Some argue for enhanced dialogue, although they argue that this could make decision-making in the EU too slow and protracted.
Ireland, for example, which suffered greatly from the global financial crisis and received financial support from both the EU and the International Monetary Fund in 2011, shifted its parliamentary scrutiny process to a committee selected to involve members in EU affairs.
The European elections have boosted turnout, but it would be premature to assume that this amounts to increased public engagement. In other countries, such as Austria and Finland, which are EU creditor countries and have citizens prone to Eurosceptic narratives, as well as in Germany and other EU member states, parliamentary communication on EU issues has increased. European elections to increase turnout, and it has increased the number of MEPs and their participation in EU affairs.
The President of the Commission must be prepared to take relations with national parliaments to the next level. National parliamentarians could be more active in bringing constructive proposals into the detailed legislative agenda formulated by the Commission.
Since 2006, the Council of the EU and the European Parliament have been able to provide feedback on policy dialogue with the European Commission on whether existing, planned or future legislation serves or undermines the public interest and participate in the process of adopting EU law in accordance with their respective national laws. In addition, national parliamentarians can exchange views at interparliamentary conferences convened by their national parliaments on matters of public interest. Although the so-called ‘yellow card’ does not automatically force the Commission to reject a proposal, it allows national parliamentarians to express their views on what citizens and their parliamentarians might consider to be domestic matters.